Top Tips for Hyperpigmentation – Skin Rocks

Top Tips for Hyperpigmentation

One of the most common skin concerns is hyperpigmentation. But what is it exactly? Hyperpigmentation is a term used to describe patches of skin that are darker in tone. This occurs when excess melanin (the pigment that gives your skin its colour) is produced.

There are various types of hyperpigmentation and the cause can vary from age, sun exposure, hormonal changes and injury to the skin. So, what can you do about it? Here are our tips…  

  • SPF is key. Regardless of what’s caused your hyperpigmentation, SPF is non-negotiable. This will help to both prevent and stop existing hyperpigmentation from getting worse. Make sure you are using a broad-spectrum SPF50 daily and reapply every 2 hours, especially when in the sun for long periods of time. Equally, if you know that you suffer from melasma, consider wearing a hat.

  • Invest in a targeted product to use daily. Incorporate a serum into your routine that contains tyrosinase inhibitors. Tyrosinase is a key enzyme needed in melanin production and these ingredients will work to prevent hyperpigmentation from occurring. Look for the following ingredients in the formula/on the label: liquorice root extract, kojic acid, tranexamic acid, alpha arbutin, azelaic acid, niacinamide and hydroquinone.

  • Resurface and renew. Adding exfoliating actives into your routine suchas glycolic acid can be beneficial for helping to fade surface-level pigmentation faster. A retinoid serum can also make a great addition to your routine as it encourages skin cell turnover.

  • Support your skin barrier. To reduce the risk of irritation which can lead to hyperpigmentation, you will want to ensure you are treating your skin with care – particularly if you are prone to pigmentation issues. Ensure you keep your skin well hydrated, avoid the use of harsh, drying products and be careful not to overuse high-strength actives and exfoliants.  

  • Don’t pick! If you are prone to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (pigmentation left behind after a breakout or skin injury) it is really important to avoid picking/squeezing spots. This can hinder the healing process and exacerbate the issue, increasing your likelihood of discolouration being left behind.

  • Go professional. In-clinic treatments such as chemical peels, micro-needling, IPL and laser are all suitable for treating stubborn hyperpigmentation. Which route you go down will depend on your skin tone and the depth of the pigmentation, so it is best to book a consultation with qualified skin professional to help you decide.

  • Manage your expectations. It’s important to note that treating hyperpigmentation can take time and requires consistency. Most topic skincare products can take several skin cycles (a typical cycle is 28 days but this increases with age) before making a visible difference. The fading process can also take months to a year depending on the severity. Please bear in mind that with melasma, re-occurrence is probable.